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Calceolaria - Slipper flower
 

The genus Calceolaria belonged to the Scrophulariaceae family, but is now classified in the Calceolariaceae family. They are low growing plants with a basal rosette of leaves and pouch formed flowers. Most species are native to S-America. 

 

Caltha
 

Caltha is a genus in the buttercup family, Ranunculaceae. They grow in moist soil along streams and ponds in cold temperate regions of both northern and southern hemispheres. One species (*) is native to Iceland.

 

Campanula - Bellflowers
 

Campanula is the largest genus in the bellflower family, Campanulaceae, with over 500 species spread across the northern hemisphere, most around the Mediterranean across to the Caucasus.  The species are very diverse from prostrate high alpines, to tall meadow and woodland plants. Two species, Campanula rotundifolia and Campanula uniflora are native to Iceland (*). 

 

Catananche
 

Catananche is a small genus of five species in the aster family, Asteraceae, native to dry meadows of the mediterranean region.

 

Centaurea
 

Centaurea is a large genus of around 350 - 600 species in the family Asteraceae. Species of this genus are native to the northern hemisphere, mainly centered in the Middle East. The flowers are composite flowers consisting of central disc flowers which are fertile, surrounded by steril ray flowers. 

 

Cerastium - Mouse ears
 

Cerastium is a genus of around 100 species in the Caryophyllaceae family,  with a global distribution, although most species are native to temperate regions in the northern hemisphere. They grow best in full sun in dry, poor soils.

 

Chelidonium - Celandine
 

Chelidonium  is a genus with only one species belonging to the poppy family, Papaveraceae. It grows in meadows in Europe and W-Asia and as an introduced species in N-America. 

 

Cicerbita - Blue sow thistles

Cicerbita is a genus of around 20 species in the aster family, Asteraceae. Many are woodland plants native to Europe and Asia.

 

Convallaria - Lily of the valley

Lily of the valley is the only species of the genus Convallaria, formerly in the lily family, but currently in the asparagus family, Asparagaceae.  It is a woodland plant, native to beech woods in Europe and Asia..

 

Cortusa - Bjöllulyklar
 

Cortusa is a small genus in the primrose family, Primulaceae,  that bears a resemblance to primroses. Most species are spring flowering alpines native to mountains in S- and E-Europe, including the Alps and Carpathians, but a few species are native to China.

 

Corydalis 
 

Corydalis, is a large genus in the poppy family, Papaveraceae,  with over 300 species, the majority native to the Himalayas and China. Many are woodland plants which thrive in moist soil and semi-shade. 

 

Cremanthodium - Himalayan daisies
 

Cremanthodium is a genus of around 50 species in the family Asteraceae, native to the Himalayas. Their common characteristic is nodding flowers, most often yellow. They all need well drained, evenly moist soil. They are sensitive to wet winter conditions.  

 

Cyananthus
 

Cyananthus is a genus of around 30 species in the family Campanulaceae, all of which are native to high mountain areas in Central- and E-Asia, many in the Himalayas. They are usually ground hugging perennials with fairly large flowers, usually blue, but sometimes white or yellow. 

 

Cymbalaria
 

Cymbalaria is a genus in the Plantaginaceae family, closely related to the genus Linaria. They are creeping plants native to W-Europe and the Mediterranean region. 

 

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