February - May depending on weather
well drained, moist, fertile, humus rich
neutral - alkaline
Alps and mountains in the Balkan peninsula
Helleborus is a genus of around 20 species in the buttercup family, Ranunculaceae, native to Eurasia, the majority on the Balkan peninsula. They are evergreen plants that thrive in fertile, fairly alkaline soil in semi shade.
Division in spring.
Seed - sown in September - November.
Seed has very limited viability and should be sown as soon as possible after it is collected. It should be stored in a refrigerator until it is sown.
Seed is covered and stored at 22°C+ (72°F) for 6 weeks and then stored outside until germination.
Flowers very early, even in February - March in mild winters. Toxic.